Famous Greek Landmarks Not To Be Missed
- by XpatAthens
- Tuesday, 29 March 2016
Greece is a world renowned travel destination known especially for summer holidays and more recently for its incredible winter locales. As a country so full of extraordinary landscapes and impressive historical sites, there are hundreds of landmarks spread across the mainland and the islands. Here are some suggestions for landmarks in Greece that combine both history and natural beauty and that are excellent for visiting any time of the year!
Parthenon Temple (Acropolis)
Arguably the most important landmark in Greece is the celebrated Parthenon Temple of the Athens Acropolis, symbol of the ancient Greek civilization. Situated on top of a rocky hill, overlooking the city of Athens, the Parthenon is a temple built in the 5th century BC and originally dedicated to the goddess Athena. Made of Pentelic marble, this is a unique example of ancient Greek architecture.
The Caldera Of Santorini
A natural wonder, the caldera of Santorini is one of the most famous Greek landmarks. The caldera is actually part of a submerged volcano, created by an explosion about 3500 years ago. The impressive red cliffs of the caldera are better admired from the white villages constructed along the cliffs, such as Fira, Oia & Imerovigli.
Sanctuary Of Delphi
The ancient sanctuary of Delphi is one of the most famous ancient Greek landmarks. Set in marvelous green surroundings, Delphi was a religious and cultural centre of the ancient Greek world, with prominent constructions, such as the temple of Apollo, used as an oracle, the ancient theatre and the sanctuary of Athena Pronea. It is suggested to visit the site in spring, when nature is in full bloom.
Ancient Olympia, one of the most important archaeological sites in Greece, was built around the 6th century BC. This is actually the original site of the ancient Olympic Games, which started as athletic competitions in honour of the god Zeus. The ancient sanctuary of Olympia included many impressive buildings, including the Temple of Zeus, the Ancient Stadium, the Gymnasium and several others sites.
The Medieval Town Of Rhodes
Enter the magic of the Medieval world by taking a stroll around the cobbled streets of the Old Town of Rhodes Island. This Medieval town, constructed as a stronghold by the Order of Saint John of Jerusalem during the Venetian occupation, is an UNESCO World Heritage site and a highly romantic destination.
The most important monuments, still excellently preserved, are the Palace of the Grand Master, the Old Hospital now turned into an Archaeological Museum and the Street of the Knights.
Epidaurus Ancient Theatre
The Ancient Theatre of Epidaurus is surely among the most famous Greek landmarks. Located next to the ancient sanctuary of god Asklepius, this theatre was actually where the religious festivities and theatre performances to honor the god would take place. Today the theatre still works and hosts drama performances during the summer, attracting thousands of visitors and tourists.
The Meteora Monasteries
A very important monastic community and a highly spiritual destination, the monasteries of Meteora are considered among the most famous Greek landmarks, attracting thousands of tourists and pilgrims every year. Built by monks on top of gigantic rock formations, these extraordinary monasteries date back to the 14th century and host many historical treasures. Six monasteries are still in use, situated above Kalambaka town in Thessaly.
To find out more great landmards, please visit: Greece Trip