Athens is the capital and the largest city in Greece. It is one of the most ancient cities in the world whose recorded history spans over 3400 years.
The initial name of Athens was "Akti or Aktiki" and it received the name from Aktaeus, the first King of Athens. The second name of the city was "Cecropia," which came from King Cecropas.
Legend has it that Cecrops accepted Goddess Athena's gift, the sacred olive tree. Cecrops succeeded King Aktaeus having married his daughter. According to the myth, the lower part of his body was the same as that of a dragon. During the years of his reign, the goddess Athena and Poseidon competed for the protection of the city, each offering gifts.
Poseidon struck his trident on the rock of the Acropolis and out flowed a spring of salty water. He struck the rock three times and a horse appeared from the ground ready to serve the people, while Athena offered an Olive tree.
Legend has it that the men of Athens voted for the gift of Poseidon and the women voted for the gift of Athena. Because there was one woman more than there were men, the goddess Athena was preferred and from that day the city has been known as Athens.
Originally posted on: e-istoria.com